The Asphalt Paving Process Explained

Asphalt paving is a popular choice for both residential and commercial projects, known for its durability, cost-effectiveness, and low maintenance requirements. But to fully appreciate the benefits of asphalt paving, it is essential to understand the process involved in creating a sturdy and long-lasting pavement. This knowledge can also help you better communicate with your paving contractor and set realistic expectations for your upcoming project.

In this educational blog post, we will break down the asphalt paving process step by step, exploring key aspects such as site preparation, asphalt mixture, paving, compaction, and curing. Additionally, we will highlight how Economy Asphalt, Omaha’s leading asphalt paving company, places significant emphasis on each stage to ensure an exceptional outcome for both residential and commercial paving projects.

When it comes to asphalt paving, the process begins long before any materials are laid down. Site preparation is a crucial first step that lays the groundwork for successful pavement installation. This stage involves removing existing pavement (if required), grading and leveling the surface to accommodate proper drainage, and installing stone or gravel sub-base to provide a stable foundation. Working with a professional paving contractor like Economy Asphalt ensures that these critical tasks are carried out precisely and carefully.

Next comes the production and application of the asphalt mixture, a carefully engineered blend of aggregate (such as crushed stone, sand, and gravel), binding agents, and additives contributing to the pavement’s overall strength and durability. Our team at Economy Asphalt takes great care in selecting the optimal asphalt mixture for each specific project, considering factors such as weather conditions, traffic loads, and the site’s intended use.

Once the mixture has been laid down, the process moves to the paving and compaction stages. Paving involves using specialized equipment, such as pavers and rollers, to evenly distribute the asphalt mixture across the surface and achieve a uniform thickness. At Economy Asphalt, our expert operators employ state-of-the-art equipment and best practices to ensure a smooth and level finished product.

Finally, the asphalt must be given ample time to cure, allowing it to harden properly and reach its full load-bearing capacity. Throughout this process, Economy Asphalt’s team of skilled professionals is dedicated to delivering the highest standards of workmanship and quality, ensuring a flawless result for your residential or commercial paving project.

Preparing the Site for Asphalt Paving

A well-prepared site is the foundation of a successful asphalt paving project. The first step involves removing any existing pavement, vegetation, or debris that may be present to provide a clean and stable surface. This process is crucial to ensure the new asphalt pavement bonds well beneath the ground. Establishing a proper drainage system is also necessary, as poor drainage can lead to water damage, freezing/thawing damage, or premature pavement deterioration.

Advanced equipment, such as bulldozers and laser-guided grading tools, are employed to achieve proper grading and leveling. These tools help to create a uniformly sloped surface that supports water runoff and prevents water accumulation on the pavement.

Next, installing a stone or gravel sub-base adds stability to the pavement structure. The sub-base compacted to a proper density provides a solid foundation that resists the stresses exerted by traffic loads and varying temperatures.

Creating the Right Asphalt Mixture

The asphalt mixture is a critical component in the paving process. It consists of aggregate materials such as crushed stone, sand, and gravel, a liquid asphalt binder, and various additives that impart specific properties to the pavement. The precise composition of the mixture can vary depending on factors like climate, traffic volume, and the intended use of the pavement.

At Economy Asphalt, we take pride in our ability to tailor the asphalt mixture to suit each individual project’s needs. This involves working closely with our suppliers to ensure high-quality materials are used and adhering to industry practices that deliver optimal performance, durability, and longevity.

Laying and Compacting the Asphalt

Once the site preparation is complete and the ideal asphalt mixture has been formulated, it is time to lay down the asphalt. This process starts with heating the asphalt mixture to a temperature of around 300°F to ensure it is pliable and easy to work with.

Professional pavers such as Economy Asphalt utilize advanced paving machines that distribute the hot asphalt mixture evenly across the surface. These machines often feature screeds, which flatten and smooth the mixture, creating a uniform layer of the desired thickness.

Following the application of the asphalt mixture, compaction is essential to achieve the pavement’s optimal density, stability, and durability. This process uses specialized rollers that apply pressure and vibration to compress the mixture, expelling air voids and ensuring the pavement achieves its desired load-bearing capacity. Economy Asphalt’s trained and experienced operators are well-versed in compaction and utilize the best compaction techniques and equipment to ensure a high-quality outcome.

Curing and Final Inspection

After the asphalt pavement has been laid and compacted, it needs time to cure and properly harden. Although asphalt may appear solid and hard immediately after installation, it requires time and ideal temperature conditions to reach its full load-bearing capacity. During the curing process, the liquid asphalt binder undergoes a chemical reaction, gradually losing its volatiles and bonding the aggregate materials more firmly. The curing time can vary depending on factors such as the thickness of the asphalt layer, the temperature, and the specific asphalt mixture.

Following the curing process, a final inspection is performed to assess the quality of the finished pavement. This inspection includes evaluating the pavement’s surface smoothness, appearance, and overall stability. Any possible issues or defects should be promptly identified and addressed to ensure a lasting, functional, attractive asphalt pavement.


Understanding the asphalt paving process is essential for homeowners and business owners embarking on residential or commercial paving projects. From site preparation and asphalt mixture formulation to paving, compaction, and curing, each step plays a crucial role in the overall success of the pavement.

At Economy Asphalt, we are committed to delivering exceptional client results, employing our deep expertise and industry-leading practices to ensure a high-quality outcome for each project. By choosing Economy Asphalt for your paving needs, you’re investing in expertise, quality, and a pavement that will stand the test of time.

Ready to begin your project in asphalt paving in Omaha, NE? Trust Economy Asphalt to transform your property with our exceptional paving services tailored to your specific needs and preferences. Contact us today for a consultation, and let our team of professionals guide you through the asphalt paving process, ensuring a smooth, durable, and attractive finish.

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